Introductory works

J. Allan, The Art and Architecture of Twelver Shi’ism: Iraq, Iran and the Indian Sub-continent, London: Azimuth Editions, 2011.

F. Daftary, A History of Shi`i Islam, London: I. B. Tauris, 2013.

F. Daftary and G. Miskinzoda, eds., The Study of Shi`i Islam, London: I. B. Tauris, 2014.

N. Haider, Shi`i Islam, An Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

H. Halm, Shiism, J. Watson, transl., Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991.

M. Momen, An introduction to Shi`i Islam : the history and doctrines of Twelver Shi`ism, New Haven/ London : Yale University Press, 1985.

A. J. Newman, Twelver Shi`ism : Unity and Diversity in the Life of Islam, 632 to 1722, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013.

Y. Richard, Shi`ite Islam: Polity, Ideology and Creed, A. Nevill, transl., Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.

H. M. Tabatabai, An Introduction to Shi`i Law, a bibliographical study, London: Ithaca Press, 1984.